A large portion of Syrian immigrants in Sweden from the recent influx are highly-educated and possess considerable experiences before moving to Sweden. Two Master’s students have worked to enable more effective contact between the Swedish employers and the human capital represented in the Syrian highly-educated immigrants. The study is based on a questionnaire and interviews with Syrian highly-educated immigrants.
What do you want to achieve through your thesis and the new network?
Through our thesis, we wanted to improve the awareness and understanding of key stakeholders in Sweden regarding the perception of highly-educated immigrants from Syria on the key prerequisites needed to enable their integration into the Swedish job market. The findings from the thesis could also provide insights that can be augmented into the design of the integration program in Sweden to expedite the entrance of the highly-educated immigrants into the job market, being the ones who already have the qualifications and the experiences making them ready to take up relevant jobs within their scope of studies and expertise.
By creating our network, we wanted to point the Swedish employers and organizations towards the capabilities available in the human capital represented by the Syrian highly-educated immigrants in Sweden. This was motivated by understanding that the employers' low perception and awareness of the qualifications held by the highly-educated immigrants in Sweden poses the highest challenge for the employment of these immigrants in Sweden.
Why did you create this new network?
The management of the integration of immigrants and its associated challenges in Sweden has been an ongoing hot topic that gained so much attention from the public, political, business and academic domains during the recent few years in Sweden.
We have a strong belief that the recently arrived highly-educated immigrants in general, and those who have come from Syria in particular, have the qualifications, skills, and capabilities that make them a valuable human capital that can be capitalized on, among other factors, to respond to the economic growth in Sweden and cater to the increasing demand for labour in the job market as a result.
Our shared characteristics with the highly-educated immigrants, ability to build networks with them and gaining access to the information and views they shared with us have been key factors that we thought we could build on to explore the perception of the Syrian highly-educated immigrants in regards to their integration in the Swedish job market. This allowed us to look at the integration issue in Sweden from an angle that considers the viewpoint of these immigrant which we think was not sufficiently explored earlier.
Through our approach and network, we wanted to contribute to a more effective integration of highly-educated immigrants in Sweden that could positively impact the economy, the society, the social welfare, and the immigrants in a virtuous circle in Sweden, a country we live in and we want to contribute to its development and progress.
Challenges and prerequisites in the Swedish job market
The thesis provides relevant insights from the Syrian highly-educated immigrants perspective, which could be considered and emphasized on in the design of employment programs by the government. Yazeed and Ismail have identified key challenges and prerequisites in the Swedish job market for highly-educated immigrants:
Low perception and awareness of the employers
A key finding regarding the employment challenges is the low perception and awareness of the employers regarding the qualifications of the highly-educated immigrants.
The language barrier
Swedish language fluency is an important requirement, however, it is not a decisive-factors for employment, according to employed highly-educated immigrants.
Recognition of qualifications
Getting recognition for the qualifications of regulated professions such as medicine and pharmacy pose a key challenge for holders of such degrees in Sweden.
Prerequisites relating to personal efforts
Demonstrating good personality traits (such as persistence, taking initiative, self-confidence) has a high impact on highly-educated immigrants ability to get relevant jobs within their scope of studies in Sweden. Employed highly-educated immigrants emphasizes on prerequisites relating to personal efforts to get employed.
The importance of job training
Job training has led directly or indirectly to the employment of most of the interviewed employed highly-educated immigrants. Job training bridges the gap between highly-educated immigrants and employers, potentially provides full-time job opportunities, accounts for references, provides local experience and helps build social and professional networks.